Measurement: Environmental Impact Assessment
The Carbon Footprint (CF) methodology emerges from the search of studying human’s behavior within their context calculating the environmental impact of certain products, organizations and events.
The carbon footprint measurement is a tool that quantifies Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions derived from a company's activity, a product life cycle or an event.
The GHG are mainly carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (NOx), among others such as carbon monoxide (CO) or sulfur hexafluoride (SF6).
When calculating an event's CF the focus will lie on the consumption of both electricity and fossil fuels throughout the event and all related activities. These emissions are calculated and can be compensated in order to neutralize the carbon dioxide emissions (unit that normalizes and expresses the impact of the remaining GHG).
In order to carry out this measurement we will use the GHG Protocol methodology, an initiative by the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD).